GoldenLAB Апрель 2021 — Goldenlab

Understanding Account Payable Turnover: A Guide for Businesses

By analyzing the average payment period, businesses can gauge their efficiency in managing their accounts payable and take steps to optimize cash flow. AP turnover ratio is a type of financial ratio that essentially gauges how often a company pays its suppliers by considering the total cost of goods sold over a certain period, usually a month or a year. The KPI only measures your company’s accounts payable, which represents the money you owe to vendors and appears on your company’s balance sheet as a current liability (a short-term debt).

By effectively managing these two aspects, businesses can optimize cash flow, enhance liquidity, and build stronger relationships with both suppliers and customers. It is intuitive to suppose that a low value of accounts payable days is a good thing – in that, it indicates that a company pays its suppliers on time. As the business environment continues to evolve, tools like the accounts payable turnover ratio will remain vital for companies striving for sustainable success. This number tells us the company paid off their accounts payable 6.67 times during the year. The significance of the number will heavily depend on the other financial information related to the company as well as what industry they’re operating in.

  • They can view what happens if they extend payment terms or ask for early pay discounts with certain suppliers.
  • Analyzing the following SaaS finance metrics and financial statements will help you convey the financial and operational help of your business so partners can be proactive about necessary changes.
  • Additionally, if your suppliers do happen to offer early-payment discounts, you’ll be losing out on those, too, paying more than is necessary.
  • Users have access to real-time dashboards to track metrics, such as invoice aging, discounts, rebates earned, payment mix, and more.
  • A high ratio indicates prompt payment is being made to suppliers for purchases on credit.
  • For a more complete picture of your AP finances, you can calculate your accounts payable turnover ratio, and then calculate DPO by using the results from the turnover ratio calculation.

It’s crucial for businesses to proactively manage their accounts payable turnover, optimizing it through a mix of strategic negotiations with suppliers and timely payments. Focusing on accounts payable turnover not only offers deeper insights into a company’s liquidity but also serves as a bellwether for its financial management capabilities. An optimized ration is thus pivotal in achieving both financial stability and strong supplier relationships. Additionally, the accounts payable turnover in days can be calculated from the ratio by dividing 365 days by the payable turnover ratio.

Everything You Need To Build Your Accounting Skills

Request a personalized demo today to find out how to take your analytics to the next level with our financial dashboards and improve efficiency and profitability for the company. To improve your AP turnover ratio, it’s important to know where your current ratio falls within SaaS benchmarks. From there, use the following tips to collaborate what you need to know about the 4 types of income with other departments to help improve financial ratios as needed. A low AP turnover ratio could indicate that a company is in financial distress or having difficulty paying off accounts. But, it could also indicate that a business is making strategic financial decisions about upfront investments that will pay off later.

Knowing the status of working capital and immediate and extended financial background of the company can help in deciding the timeline for payment of invoices, which optimizes DPO. When you’re looking at your organization’s AP turnover ratio, it can be helpful to take a strategic view. Once you know what your goal is, you can put together a plan to optimize the accounts payable turnover ratio to help achieve that goal. Each approach comes with pros and cons, so it’s important to weigh all the factors before making a decision.

  • As seen in the table above, a higher payable turnover ratio leads to a shorter average payment period, indicating a faster turnaround in payments.
  • For example, late payments can lead to costly fees and penalties and damage supplier relationships.
  • A better understanding of the APTR ratio helps the organization prioritize operations in tune with the organizational goals.
  • That said, it could also indicate that you aren’t making payments on time, therefore putting vendor relationships at risk.
  • By monitoring this ratio and comparing it to industry benchmarks, businesses can identify opportunities to improve their credit terms, negotiate better deals with suppliers, and strengthen their financial management.

Account payable turnover is crucial for businesses as it measures the efficiency of their payment cycle and provides insight into opportunities for optimizing cash flow through favorable credit terms. This ratio gauges a company’s proficiency in  managing its accounts payable, and is indicative of the timeliness of its payment to suppliers. A higher accounts payable turnover ratio indicates that the company paysits creditors promptly, thereby enhancing its reputation and creditworthiness. In a nutshell, the accounts payable turnover ratio measures how many times a business pays its creditors during a specified time period. This information, represented as a ratio, can be a key indicator of a business’s liquidity and how it is managing cash flow. The ratio is a measure of short-term liquidity, with a higher payable turnover ratio being more favorable.


It is important to note that only credit transactions should be considered when calculating the ratio. In conclusion, account payable turnover is a vital metric for businesses to assess their liquidity performance and creditworthiness. By understanding and optimizing this ratio, businesses can maintain healthy cash flow, strengthen relationships with suppliers, and improve their overall financial management.

Calculating the Accounts Payable Turnover Ratio

Beginning accounts payable and ending accounts payable are added together, and then the sum is divided by two in order to arrive at the denominator for the accounts payable turnover ratio. In some cases, cost of goods sold (COGS) is used in the numerator in place of net credit purchases. Average accounts payable is the sum of accounts payable at the beginning and end of an accounting period, divided by 2.

Normal AP turnover ratio

Book this 30-min live demo to make this the last time that you’ll ever have to manually key in data from invoices or receipts into ERP software. A high number of AP days isn’t always a bad thing—having cash on hand might allow you to make short-term investments that are more valuable to the company. But if the high number of AP days is a liability, there are some actions you can take to reduce them.

Ask your accountant or accounting department to report your accounts payable turnover ratio and other key performance indicators (KPIs) every month, quarter, and fiscal year. This gives you a constant picture of your company’s financial health, helping you manage your finances in a proactive way. A company’s accounts payable turnover rate is a a key measure of back-office efficiency and financial health.

How to calculate accounts payable turnover

It is also sometimes referred to as the Creditors Turnover Ratio or Creditors Velocity Ratio. Achieving a high AP turnover ratio is possible, and a company can work with a reputable payment processing company like Corcentric to get its ratio where it wants it to be. If you’re looking to streamline AP processes, automate invoice or payment processing, or curious about how accounts payable automation works, this is the guide for you. The first year you owned the business, you were late making payments because of limited cash flow and an antiquated AP system. This ratio provides an early indicator of the areas in the business that need exploring and analyzing further. This way, you can develop reasonable spending habits and possibly capitalize on supplier opportunities, which might eventually give you a competitive edge in the industry.

Prompt payment is crucial for maintaining supplier trust and securing favorable credit terms in the long run. Additionally, regularly assessing and analyzing your accounts payable turnover can provide valuable insights into your business’s financial health and identify areas for improvement. By analyzing the accounts payable turnover ratio in this way, the above company can, for example, investigate their business activities in Q2 to see how they may improve. Businesses can gain valuable insights into their payment cycle and make adjustments to optimize their cash flow management. Regularly evaluating accounts payable turnover can help ensure that it remains at a healthy level, and supports the overall financial stability of the company. Calculating the accounts payable turnover ratio can be done by dividing the total number of purchases during a given period by the average accounts payable balance for that same period.

Note that you have the option to calculate DPO based on a specific period of time or by using the average AP balance for the period. But in the case of the A/P turnover, whether a company’s high or low turnover ratio should be interpreted positively or negatively depends entirely on the underlying cause. The AP days is a key indicator of the efficiency of the AP activities of a company. Accounts payable activities that include coding, assessing, authorizing, and paying invoices decide the financial and administrative health of enterprises.